By: Melissa Siegel
In this video, we will specifically examine the effects of international migration in destination, or host, countries. Migration effects are observed at different levels of society and under a variety of circumstances. While this video is not meant to be a complete list of every effect host countries or locations will experience, it will summarize some of the most commonly discussed and researched outcomes. In general, there are effects that individual immigrants or groups of migrants experience themselves in the destination country. There are also effects of migration on the communities where migrants live. Finally, there are macro-level effects felt at the country or regional level. Chapters 0:00 Introduction 0:32 Where We See Effects 1:10 Mechanisms 2:08 Micro Effects 4:44 Meso Effects 5:57 Macro Effects 7:38 Refugee Hosting 8:37 Conclusion *Thank you to Kevin O’Dell for help with this video.
Maps by freevectormaps.com
Music by bensound.com
Selected Studies: Bellini, E., Ottaviano, G.I.P., Pinelli, D., Prarolo, G., 2013. Cultural Diversity and Economic Performance: Evidence from European Regions, in: Crescenzi, R., Percoco, M. (Eds.), Geography, Institutions and Regional Economic Performance, Advances in Spatial Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 121–141.
https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-333… Fajth, V., Bilgili, Ö., Loschmann, C., & Siegel, M. (2019). How do refugees affect social life in host communities? The case of Congolese refugees in Rwanda. CMS 7, 33.
https://doi.org/10.1186/s40878-019-01… Fargues, P., 2017. International Migration and Education. A Web of Mutual Causation. Global Education Monitoring Report. UNESCO. Harris, R., 2015. The Mariel Boatlift- A Natural Experiment in Low-Skilled Immigration and Innovation. Presented at the DRUID Academy, Bordeaux. Hunt, Jennifer, and Marjolaine Gauthier-Loiselle. 2010. “How Much Does Immigration Boost Innovation?” American Economic Journal: Macroeconomics, 2 (2): 31-56. Peri, G., 2014. Do immigrant workers depress the wages of native workers? IZA World Labor 42. https://doi.org/10.15185/izawol.42 Further Reading: Borjas, G.J., 2008.
Labor Outflows and Labor Inflows in Puerto Rico. J. Hum. Cap. 2, 32–68. Batalova, J., Fix, M., Bachmeier, J.D., 2016. Untapped Talent: The Costs of Brain Waste among Highly Skilled Immigrants in the United States.
Migration Policy Institute, New American Economy, and World Education Services., Washington, DC. Bercovitz, J., Martens, A., Savage, J., 2013. Human Mobility and Returnee Entrepreneurship: Evidence from Mexico. Presented at the Paper to be presented at the 35th DRUID Celebration Conference, Barcelona. Borjas, G.J., 2017. The Wage Impact of the Marielitos: A Reappraisal. ILR Rev. 70, 1077–1110. Bouton, L., Paul, S., Tiongson, E.R., 2011. The Impact of Emigration on Source Country Wages: Evidence from the Republic of Moldova (No. Policy Research Working Paper 5764). The World Bank. Georgarakos, D., Tatsiramos, K., 2009. Entrepreneurship and survival dynamics of immigrants to the U.S. and their descendants. Labour Econ. 16, 161–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2008… Loayza, N., Ulyssea, G., Utsumi, T., 2018. Informality and the Labor Market Effects of Mass Migration: Theory and Evidence from Syrian Refugees in Turkey. Lokendra Phadera, 2019. Impact of International Migration on Labor Supply in Nepal (No. Policy Research Working Paper 9014). The World Bank.
https://doi.org/10.1596/1813-9450-9014 Tani, M., 2017. Local signals and the returns to foreign education. Econ. Educ. Rev. 61, 174–190.
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev…. Valentine, J.L., Barham, B., Gitter, S., Nobles, J., 2017. Migration and the Pursuit of Education in Southern Mexico. Comp. Educ. Rev. 61, 141–175. https://doi.org/10.1086/689615
Melissa Siegel is a Professor of Migration Studies and Head of Migration Studies at the Maastricht Graduate School of Governance and UNU-MERIT